Lower Back Pain: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Tips
Lower Back Pain
For Amit Singh, a 34-year-old banker with a loving wife and a dying daughter, who was adding a back pain with a complex medical condition- the lumbar herniated disc - was out of the question when Until that regular activities do not make an examination for him. Likely to restrain your condition from getting worse, advised full bed rest, the only earning member of the family, Singh started worrying about the future of his daughter. Talking about this situation, Dr. Neero Surgeon of Fortis Hospital, Dr. Manish Vaish says, "The lower edge of the field eliminates the largest mechanical forces, and thus the failure of the disc is more common than in other areas, it is a type of spinal degeneration, which is itself a form of numbness or tingling, Weak muscular weakness, severe back pain and radiation towards the feet."
In a study published in the Journal of Spine (2013), to check the effectiveness of Minimum Access Spine Surgery, it was found that when compared to traditional open surgery, these advanced surgical procedures provided better clinical results in the post-recovery recovery And come back normally. functions3
Describing this process, Dr.Vaish says, "Mast is done by two or three small openings, and after the recovery of the patient, he can return to his routine. The highly innovative cutting-edge tools used in this form of surgery make not only must possible, but also bring an element of efficacy in the whole process. Problems of spine, which can be cured almost entirely with Mast:
Spine fracture with balloon kyphoplasty
Disc Prolapse in Disorder Replacement Surgery or Ballon Cephrosite, in the case of Degenerative Osteoporosis or Tuberculosis
Stenosis, herniated discs and bone spinners by disruption surgery
Scoliosis by Spinal Fusion.
What is Lower Back Pain?
Non-surgical low back, cervical and thoracic pain usually affects the soft tissue of the central or para-spinal cord, without arms, around the chest or under the feet. On the contrary, having spinal cord pain in the spine or chest wall means that structural punching of veins in the spinal cord should be performed, if the surgical opinion is required, then in the condition of improving within weeks with non-surgical symptomatic treatment. May fail
Other Symptoms Include
Strictness in the lower back area, limiting the speed limit
Inability to maintain normal posture due to rigidity and/or pain
Muscle cramping with either activity or on the rest
Pain that lasts for 10-14 days
Significant damage to the motor function, such as tip to or heel movement
The Symptoms that Require Urgent Care
Serious back pain should be checked after falling or injury by a health care professional. Other warning signs include lack of control of bowel or bladder, numbness in the waist area, weakness of the foot, fever and cough or pain while pissing. If you have any of these signs along with the back pain, contact your doctor.
Contact your doctor immediately if you have back pain and you have any of these: History of cancer, unintentional weight loss, use of long-term steroids, weak immune system, history of use of IV drug, or with your pain relief Deteriorates.
Back pain which comes suddenly and does not stay more than six weeks (acute), which can be due to falling or heavy lifting. Back pain which is more than three months (chronic) is less common than acute pain.
Back Pain often develops without a reason that your doctor may recognize with a test or an imaging study. Conditions associated with back pain usually include:
Tension of the muscles or ligaments. Frequent heavy lifting or sudden strokes can cause strain of back muscles and spinal ligaments. If you are in a poor physical condition, there may be muscle spasms on your back with a constant stretch.
Bulging or broken discs The disc works as a cushion between the bones (vertebrae) in your spine. The soft material inside a disc can be raised or broken and pressed on a nerve. However, you may have a bulging or broken disc without back pain. Disk disease is often found coincidentally when you have an X-ray of the spine for any other reason.
Arthritis Osteoarthritis can affect the lower part of the back. In some cases, ribs in the spinal cord can cause a narrowing of space around the spinal cord, a condition called spinal stenosis.
Skeletal irregularity In a situation in which your spinal cord leads to scoliosis, thereby causing pain in the back, but not usually until middle age.
Osteoporosis If your bones are porous and brittle, then your spinal cordial compression fracture can develop.
The Risk Factors
The following factors are associated with the high risk of developing low back pain:
- Business activities
- A sedentary lifestyle
- Poor physical fitness
- Older age
- Obesity and excess weight
- Strong physical exercise or work, especially if done incorrectly
- Genetic factors
- Medical conditions, such as arthritis and cancer
- Pain in the lower back is also more common in women than men, possibly due to hormonal factors. Stress, anxiety and mood disorders are also associated with back pain.
When to see Doctor
If you experience any numbness or tingling, or if you have back pain, then you should seek medical help.
With ease, it does not improve
After injury or fall
With numbness in the legs
With unexplained weight loss
A doctor will usually be able to ask about symptoms and diagnose back pain after a physical exam.
Imaging scans and other tests may be required if:
Back pain is the result of an injury
There may be an underlying cause that requires treatment
Pain persists for a long time
An X-ray, MRI or CT scan can give information about the position of soft tissues in the back.
X-rays can show the alignment of bones and detect signs of arthritis or broken bones, but they can not reveal damage in the muscles, spinal cord, nerves or disks.
MRI or CT scan can reveal problems with herniated disk or tissue, tendons, nerves, ligaments, blood vessels, muscles and bones.
Bone scans can detect the compression fracture caused by bone tumors or osteoporosis. A radioactive substance or tracer is injected into a vein. The tracer gathers in the bones and helps the doctor to detect bone problems with the help of a special camera.
Electromyography or EMG measures the electrical impulses produced by the nerves in response to the muscles. It can confirm neural compression, which can occur with the herniated disk or spinal stenosis.
On suspicion of infection, the doctor can also order a blood test.
Disc herniation can be treated with strains, sprains and even structural neural compression for less time and even bed rest; Usually up to one to three days
It should be as brief as possible because resting on the bed for a long time can lead to loss of muscle strength and increase muscle stiffness, which can lead to pain and trouble. If pain is moderately moderate, initial medical treatment usually involves nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) medication. For the cases of more severe pain symptoms, muscle relaxes and alcoholic drugs can be added or replaced.
Doctors may recommend physical therapy. The doctor will take a thorough evaluation, which is combined with the diagnosis of the doctor, especially the treatment of spinal cord patients. Therapy may include pelvic traction, gentle massage, ice and heat therapy, ultrasound, stimulation of muscle stimulation and stretching exercises.
Diagnosis of Disease
Pregnancy is excellent for full recovery from the injury of the lumbar strap or spice. More than 90 percent of patients recover completely from one episode of stretch or sprain of lumbar muscles within one month. Treatment of heat and ice is indicated on the "need-based" basis at home for the treatment of sudden inflammation of anti-inflammatory drugs along with less swelling. However, low back tension can develop in an old condition, unless efforts are made to change those habits that contribute to the problem.
Due to Surgical Back Pain Important:
A excessive stress or injury can cause a herniated disc. However, disc content gradually degenerates into the age of the people, and the ligaments that keep it in place begin to weaken. As this degeneration increases, a relatively minor tension or twisting movement can cause a disc to break.
Some individuals may be more sensitive to disc problems and as a result, may be suffering from herniated disks in many places with spine. Research has shown that a compulsory position for the herniated disk may be present in families, in which many members are affected. It is not necessary that disc disease is a hereditary condition, but it can run in families
You can avoid back pain or prevent its repetition by improving your physical condition and learning and practising proper body mechanics.
To keep your Back Healthy and Strong:
Exercise. Regular aerobic activities - which do not tense or shock your back - can increase strength and endurance in your back and allow your muscles to work better. Walking and swimming are a good choice. Talk to your doctor about what activities you can try.
Build muscle strength and flexibility. Exercises of stomach and back muscles, which strengthen your core, help in the position of these muscles so that they work together like a natural corset for your back. Flexibility in your hips and upper legs aligns your pelvic bones so that your back feels. Your doctor or physical therapist can tell you about which exercises are effective for you.
Maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight stretches back muscles. If you are overweight, trimming can prevent back pain.
Quitting smoking Talk to your doctor about the methods of quitting.
Avoid such movements that turn your back or tense. Use your body properly:
Stand Smart. Do not slap Maintain a neutral pelvic situation. If you have to stand for a long time, keep a foot on the bottom of a lower leg to lift some load from your lower part. Optional foot The good posture can reduce the tension on the back muscles.
Sit tight Choose a seat with good lower back support, armrest and swivel base. Keeping a pillow or rolled towel in the small part of your back can be maintained by its normal curve. Maintain the level of your knees and hips. Change your position often at least every half hour.
Smart Lift If possible, avoid heavy lifting, but if you want to take some heavy weight, then let your feet work. Keep your back straight - no twists - and just bend over knees. Keep the load close to your body. Find the lifting partner if the item is heavy or odd.
Also Read: 5 Yoga Poses to Relieve Lower Back Pain